The outcome is a foregone conclusion, but there is room, however small, for a surprise: an uprising, as called for by some Democrats and even some Republicans, of "faithless electors". "It is not a good thing, and it endangers our democracy and it endangers the country", he said.
"Only Russia's senior-most officials could have authorized these activities", White House spokesman Josh Earnest said, repeating the words from an October US intelligence assessment.
Pell has talked with fellow electors around the country to gauge their thoughts on the process. Some Democrats had proposed thwarting Trump by joining Republicans in choosing a more moderate Republican alternative, such as Ohio Gov. John Kasich, but Pell called those efforts "hypothetical".
While the Electoral College has been a topic of controversy for quite a long time (especially since the Bush/Gore run-off in 2000), it's a system that is in place that represents the last bastion of hope for droves of anti-Trump Americans.
"Just in the past couple of days I've gotten a stack of letters over an inch thick", said Duncan.
All but one said with certainty that they plan to vote for Hillary Clinton as they are bound to do.
"I wouldn't change my mind", he told the newspaper. "That hasn't been the case". "Talents for low intrigue, and the little arts of popularity, may alone suffice to elevate a man to the first honors in a single State; but it will require other talents, and a different kind of merit, to establish him in the esteem and confidence of the whole Union, or of so considerable a portion of it as would be necessary to make him a successful candidate for the distinguished office of President of the United States".
For fear that Donald Trump will violate democratic norms, liberals want to have the Electoral College throw out the results of a presidential election and impose their choice on the nation for the first time in our history.
Although Democrats in Pell's tiny state went for Vermont Sen. To the contrary, 2016 reinforces long-standing concerns about the democratic adequacy of USA presidential elections. We are permanently stuck with an undemocratic system of electing our President, and it is likely that this could happen on a more regular basis in the future.
In addition to King and Westrate, Wisconsin's Electoral College members this year are Kim Babler, Bill Berglund, Mary Buestrin, Brad Courtney, Dan Feyen, Kevin Hermening (a replacement for Jim Miller, who was hired by U.S. Rep. Sean Duffy and as a federal employee can't be an elector), Kathy Kiernan and Kim Travis.
Pell is a lieutenant commander in the US Coast Guard Reserve with his own political aspirations.
When news broke late last week of the CIA's conclusion that Russian Federation likely sought to influence the US election on behalf of Trump, Pell, and nine other electors - all but one of them Democrats - quickly crafted and published an unprecedented letter to US Director of National Intelligence James Clapper demanding a briefing.
The Electoral College meets December 19 when its 538 members cast their votes. Vice President Joe Biden had, in 1992, said much the same when suggesting that a Supreme Court nomination be delayed until after Election Day should there be a vacancy during a presidential campaign. "As a person with a background in national security, I take that very seriously".