As one of the top seeds [fourth in the rankings], Joe Schmidt's men were drawn in with hosts Japan, Scotland and the victor of qualification matches from Europe and a play-off.
And Italy face the toughest task of all the Championship sides, as they are drawn in a pool with New Zealand and South Africa.
The Rugby World Cup draw took place in Kyoto today, as the 12 teams that have already qualified learned who their pool opponents would be when the tournament kicks off on September 20, 2019.
Pool C - England, France, Argentina, Americas 1, Oceania 2.
England went on an 18-match winning streak after being knocked out of their own tournament at the pool stage in 2015, when they were grouped with Australia and Wales.
The dozen teams were included in Wednesday's draw by virtue of finishing in the top three of their groups in 2015.
Wales once again find themselves in direct competition with the Wallabies, a team they have consistently struggled to beat during head coach Warren Gatland's nine-year coaching reign.
Conor O'Shea's Italy have been handed a very tough draw, against Champions New Zealand and South Africa.
Ireland have been pooled with Scotland at the 2019 Rugby World Cup. "It's very hard. We will look to build confidence and find the solidarity to get as close as possible to maximum strength at the World Cup".
"Any pool that we were going to get put in was going to be a big challenge", said coach Jamie Joseph, whose side will face the Irish in two tests next month.
"We've got two Tests against Argentina in June so we can practise a little bit. History shows that you need to win seven games to win the tournament and we will greatly respect every team we play".
The groups have been decided for the 2019 Rugby World Cup in Japan.
"Obviously with heat and humidity it's something we need to plan for", said Hansen, identifying one possible cause for concern.
Another African team, most likely Namibia or Kenya, and the victor of the Repechage round of qualifying will complete their pool.
Jones said: " I'm excited by the draw.
"No one's going to die", added Jones, who has led England to back-to-back Six Nations titles since taking over from Stuart Lancaster.
Australia coach Michael Cheika will not take anything for granted at the 2019 Rugby World Cup despite receiving a comparatively kind draw.
"England, alongside New Zealand, was the scarecrow everybody wanted to avoid", Noves said. You can look in two ways - it's a hard pool or it's a great pool - but you've just go to get through it.